5 years ago

RNA editing of SLC22A3 drives early tumor invasion and metastasis in familial esophageal cancer [Medical Sciences]

RNA editing of SLC22A3 drives early tumor invasion and metastasis in familial esophageal cancer [Medical Sciences]
Chui-Mian Zeng, Robert Z. Qi, Jian-Lin Wu, Li Fu, Xiao-Yan Ming, Bei-Lei Liu, Li-Dong Wang, Yu-Wen Diao, Xian-Bo Zuo, Li-Yi Zhang, Jiaoyu Ai, Yan-Ru Qin, Haibo Liu, Bin-Bin Tan, Qiangfeng Zhang, Sui-Sui Dong, Tu-Xiong Huang, Jing Gong, Xin-Yuan Guan, Juan Chen, Ting-Ting Cao, Di Xiang, Dan Xie

Like many complex human diseases, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is known to cluster in families. Familial ESCC cases often show early onset and worse prognosis than the sporadic cases. However, the molecular genetic basis underlying the development of familial ESCC is mostly unknown. We reported that SLC22A3 is significantly down-regulated in nontumor esophageal tissues from patients with familial ESCC compared with tissues from patients with sporadic ESCCs. A-to-I RNA editing of the SLC22A3 gene results in its reduced expression in the nontumor esophageal tissues of familial ESCCs and is significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis. The RNA-editing enzyme ADAR2, a familial ESCC susceptibility gene identified by our post hoc genome-wide association study, is positively correlated with the editing level of SLC22A3. Moreover, functional studies showed that SLC22A3 is a metastasis suppressor in ESCC, and deregulation of SLC22A3 facilitates cell invasion and filopodia formation by reducing its direct association with α-actinin-4 (ACTN4), leading to the increased actin-binding activity of ACTN4 in normal esophageal cells. Collectively, we now show that A-to-I RNA editing of SLC22A3 contributes to the early development and progression of familial esophageal cancer in high-risk individuals.

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