3 years ago

PRRT2 Regulates Synaptic Fusion by Directly Modulating SNARE Complex Assembly

PRRT2 Regulates Synaptic Fusion by Directly Modulating SNARE Complex Assembly
Ouardane Jouannot, Jing Wang, Sathish K. Ramakrishnan, Vincenzo Salpietro, Jeff Coleman, James E. Rothman, Maria N. Zanetti, Shyam S. Krishnakumar, Henry Houlden


Mutations in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) are associated with a range of paroxysmal neurological disorders. PRRT2 predominantly localizes to the pre-synaptic terminals and is believed to regulate neurotransmitter release. However, the mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we use reconstituted single vesicle and bulk fusion assays, combined with live cell imaging of single exocytotic events in PC12 cells and biophysical analysis, to delineate the physiological role of PRRT2. We report that PRRT2 selectively blocks the trans SNARE complex assembly and thus negatively regulates synaptic vesicle priming. This inhibition is actualized via weak interactions of the N-terminal proline-rich domain with the synaptic SNARE proteins. Furthermore, we demonstrate that paroxysmal dyskinesia-associated mutations in PRRT2 disrupt this SNARE-modulatory function and with efficiencies corresponding to the severity of the disease phenotype. Our findings provide insights into the molecular mechanisms through which loss-of-function mutations in PRRT2 result in paroxysmal neurological disorders.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/cell-reports/fulltext/S2211-1247(17)31880-6

DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.12.056

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.