5 years ago

Photoinduced Ultrafast Charge Transfer and Charge Migration in Small Gold Clusters Passivated by a Chromophoric Ligand

Photoinduced Ultrafast Charge Transfer and Charge Migration in Small Gold Clusters Passivated by a Chromophoric Ligand
Francoise Remacle, Valérie Schwanen
Because the development of attopulses, charge migration induced by short optical pulses has been extensively investigated. We report a computational purely electronic dynamical study of ultrafast few femtoseconds (fs) charge transfer and charge migration in realistic passivated stoichiometric Au11 and Au20 gold nanoclusters functionalized by a bipyridine ligand. We show that a net significant amount of electronic charge (0.1 to 0.4 |e| where |e| is the electron charge) is permanently transferred from the bipyridine chromophore to the gold cluster during the short 5–6 fs UV–vis strong pulse. This electron transfer to the metallic core is induced by the optical excitation of electronic states with a partial charge transfer character involving the chromophore before the onset of nuclei motion. In addition, the photoexcitation by the strong fs pulse builds a nonequilibrium electronic density that beats between the chromophore and the metallic core around the average of the transferred value. Modular systems made of a donor chromophore that can be photoexcited in the UV–vis range coupled to an efficient acceptor that could trap the charge are of interest for applications to nanodevices. Our study provides understanding on the very early, purely electronic dynamics built by the fs optical excitation and the initial charge separation step.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02568

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02568

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