3 years ago

Proton-pump inhibitors elevate infection rate in cardiothoracic surgery patients by influencing PMN function in vitro and in vivo.

Andreas Goetzenich, Martina Maywald, Lothar Rink, Christian Stoppe, Carolin Maria Haas
Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) as pantoprazole are highly effective acid suppressive agents that belong to the world's most sold medication. However, they are pronounced to have immunosuppressive aspects. In our study, a negative influence of PPI on functions of polymorphonuclear cells in vitro like phagocytosis, oxidative burst, chemotaxis, and killing activity was shown, whereas formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NET)osis remained unaffected. Pantoprazole stimulation additionally reduced the production of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β in whole blood assay as well as the production of IL-2 and IFN-γ after whole blood stimulation with phytohaemagglutinin. Moreover, IFN-γ feedback mechanisms and signaling by STAT-1 was impaired by PPI. Cardiac surgery is accompanied by developing systemic inflammatory response syndrome with immunosuppressive aspects. We exhibited reduced oxidative burst analyzing cardiac surgery patients' samples receiving or not receiving PPI. Furthermore, a higher rate of infections in patients receiving permanent PPI medication in retrospective analysis was uncovered. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and regular PPI medication developed significant more infections retrospectively indicating a clinical impact of the immunosuppressive influence of PPI.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/JLB.5A0417-143R

DOI: 10.1002/JLB.5A0417-143R

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