5 years ago

Fast Lithium Ion Migration in Room Temperature LiBH4

Fast Lithium Ion Migration in Room Temperature LiBH4
Young Whan Cho, Young-Su Lee
The defect structure and the Li ion diffusion mechanism of orthorhombic LiBH4 (o-LiBH4) are studied by first-principles calculations to elucidate the Li ion transport in o-LiBH4. Two metastable Li interstitial sites are identified, and the formation energies of the Schottky and Frenkel defect pair are calculated to be 1.2–1.4 eV, the former being slightly easier to form. The energy required to form intrinsic defects is higher than that of hexagonal LiBH4 (h-LiBH4). On the other hand, the migration energy barrier of the Li vacancy or interstitial ranges from 0.1 to 0.3 eV, which is comparable to that of h-LiBH4. Therefore, the higher defect formation energy mainly accounts for the much lower Li ion conductivity of o-LiBH4. The calculated overall activation barrier for the Li ion conduction is in fair agreement with the experimental activation energy. Molecular dynamics simulation demonstrates that both the interstitial and the interstitialcy mechanisms are operative for the Li interstitial diffusion and that the interconnected interstitial sites compose a fast diffusion path. The simulation results point out that the enhancement of the carrier density via defect or interface engineering may significantly raise the ionic conductivity of o-LiBH4.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06328

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06328

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