3 years ago

On the Contractivity of Privacy Mechanisms.

Lalitha Sankar, Peter Kairouz, Mario Diaz

We present a novel way to compare the statistical cost of privacy mechanisms using their Dobrushin coefficient. Specifically, we provide upper and lower bounds for the Dobrushin coefficient of a privacy mechanism in terms of its maximal leakage and local differential privacy guarantees. Given the geometric nature of the Dobrushin coefficient, this approach provides some insights into the general statistical cost of these privacy guarantees. We highlight the strength of this method by applying our results to develop new bounds on the $\ell_2$-minimax risk in a distribution estimation setting under maximal leakage constraints. Specifically, we find its order with respect to the sample size and privacy level, allowing a quantitative comparison with the corresponding local differential privacy $\ell_2$-minimax risk.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06255

DOI: arXiv:1801.06255v1

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