5 years ago

Propargylic C(sp3)–H Bond Activation for Preparing η3-Propargyl/Allenyl Complexes of Yttrium

Propargylic C(sp3)–H Bond Activation for Preparing η3-Propargyl/Allenyl Complexes of Yttrium
Abhinanda Kundu, Haruki Nagae, Hayato Tsurugi, Kazushi Mashima
Propargylic C(sp3)—H bond activation of 1-substituted-1-propynes, such as 1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne, 2-hexyne, and 1-phenyl-1-propyne, was achieved by treatment with an alkylyttrium complex 8 bearing an ene-diamido ligand to give the corresponding (η3-propargyl/allenyl)yttrium complexes 7ac. A unique delocalized η3-propargyl/allenyl structure of these three complexes was revealed by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray single crystal analyses. To elucidate the reactivity of the η3-propargyl/allenyl unit of complexes 7ac, we conducted two reactions with N-methylaniline and N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimine. For protonation by N-methylaniline, we found that the product distribution of monosubstituted internal alkynes and allenes depended on the substituent on the η3-propargyl/allenyl moiety: 7a and 7b afforded the corresponding internal alkynes as the major products, whereas the major protonation product of 7c was phenylallene. For the insertion of N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimine, complex 7a selectively yielded η3-{N,N′-dicyclohexyl-2-(3-trimethylsilylpropargyl)amidinate}yttrium 12a, while complex 7c produced η3-{N,N′-dicyclohexyl-2-(1-phenylallenyl)amidinate}yttrium complex 13c, though complex 7b gave a mixture of η3-{N,N′-dicyclohexyl-2-(3-normalpropylpropargyl)amidinate}yttrium complex 12b and η3-{N,N′-dicyclohexyl-2-(1-normalpropylallenyl)amidinate}yttrium 13b in an 83:17 ratio. On the basis of the product distributions in these two-types of reactions, (η3-propargyl/allenyl)yttrium complexes were shifted into preferentially favorable η1-allenyl species or η1-propargyl species depending on the substituents prior to the reaction with electrophiles via a four-membered cyclic mechanism.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00395

DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00395

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