3 years ago

Renormalization scheme and gauge (in)dependence of the generalized Crewther relation: what are the real grounds of the $\beta$-factorization property?.

A. L. Kataev, V. S. Molokoedov, A. V. Garkusha

The scheme and gauge dependence of the factorization property of the RG $\beta$-function in the $SU(N_c)$ QCD generalized Crewther relation (GCR), which connects the non-singlet contributions to the Adler and Bjorken polarized sum rule functions, is investigated at the $\mathcal{O}(a^4_s)$ level. In the gauge-invariant $\rm{\overline{MS}}$-scheme this property holds at least at this order. To study whether this property is true in all gauge-invariant schemes, we consider the $\rm{MS}$-like schemes in QCD and the QED-limit of the GCR in the $\rm{\overline{MS}}$-scheme and in the $\rm{MOM}$ and the $\rm{OS}$ schemes. In these schemes we confirm the existence of the $\beta$-function factorization in the QCD and QED variants of the GCR. The problem of the possible $\beta$-factorization in the gauge-dependent renormalization schemes in QCD is studied. We consider the gauge non-invariant $\rm{mMOM}$ and $\rm{MOMgggg}$-schemes and demonstrate that in the $\rm{mMOM}$ scheme at the $\mathcal{O}(a^3_s)$ level the $\beta$-factorization is valid for three values of the gauge parameter $\xi$ only, namely for $\xi=-3, -1$ and $\xi=0$. In the $\mathcal{O}(a^4_s)$ order of PT it remains valid only for case of the Landau gauge $\xi=0$.

The consideration of these two schemes for the QCD GCR allows us to conclude that the factorization of RG $\beta$-function will always be implemented in any $\rm{MOM}$-like schemes with linear covariant gauge at $\xi=0$ and $\xi=-3$ at the $\mathcal{O}(a^3_s)$ level. It is demonstrated that if factorization property for the $\rm{MS}$-like schemes is true in all orders of PT, as theoretically indicated, then the factorization will also occur in the arbitrary $\rm{MOM}$-like scheme in the Landau gauge in all orders of PT as well.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06231

DOI: arXiv:1801.06231v1

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