3 years ago

Nonrelativistic hydrodynamics from quantum field theory: (I) Normal fluid composed of spinless Schr\"odinger fields.

Masaru Hongo

We provide a complete derivation of hydrodynamic equations for nonrelativistic systems based on quantum field theories of spinless Schr\"odeinger fields, assuming that an initial density operator takes a special form of the local Gibbs distribution. The constructed optimized/renormalized perturbation theory for real-time evolution enables us to separately evaluate dissipative and nondissipative parts of constitutive relations. It is shown that the path-integral formula for local thermal equilibrium together with the symmetry properties of the resulting action---the nonrelativistic diffeomorphism and gauge symmetry in the thermally emergent Newton-Cartan geometry---provides a systematic way to derive the nondissipative part of constitutive relations. We further show that dissipative parts are accompanied with the entropy production operator together with two kinds of fluctuation theorems by the use of which we derive the dissipative part of constitutive relations and the second law of thermodynamics. After obtaining the exact expression for constitutive relations, we perform the derivative expansion and derive the first-order hydrodynamic (Navier-Stokes) equation with the Green-Kubo formula for transport coefficients.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06520

DOI: arXiv:1801.06520v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.