3 years ago

High-Throughput Metabolomics for Discovering Potential Metabolite Biomarkers and Metabolic Mechanism from the APPswe/PS1dE9 Transgenic Model of Alzheimer’s Disease

High-Throughput Metabolomics for Discovering Potential Metabolite Biomarkers and Metabolic Mechanism from the APPswe/PS1dE9 Transgenic Model of Alzheimer’s Disease
Liang Liu, Zhidong Liu, Ling Kong, Jingbo Yu, Xijun Wang, Ying Han, Aihua Zhang, Hui Sun
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder, is the major form of dementia. As AD is an irreversible disease, it is necessary to focus on earlier intervention. However, the potential biomarkers of preclinical AD are still not clear. In this study, urinary metabolomics based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry was performed for delineating the metabolic changes and potential early biomarkers in APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) transgenic mice. A total of 24 differentially regulated metabolites were identified when comparing transgenic mice to wild-type mice using multivariate statistical analysis. Among them, 10 metabolites were significantly upregulated and 14 metabolites were downregulated. On the basis of these potential biomarkers, metabolic pathway analysis found that pentose and glucuronate interconversions, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, the citrate cycle, tryptophan metabolism, and arginine and proline metabolism were disturbed in APP/PS1 mice. Our study revealed that levels of endogenous metabolites in the urine of APP/PS1 mice changed prior to the emergence of learning and cognitive impairment, which may be associated with abnormal nitric oxide production pathways and metabolic disorders of monoaminergic neurotransmitters. In conclusion, this study showed that metabolomics provides an early indicator of disease occurrence for AD.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00206

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00206

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.