3 years ago

# Insights into $\text{Li}^{+}$, $\text{Na}^{+}$ and $\text{K}^{+}$ Intercalation in Lepidocrocite-type Layered $\text{TiO}_{2}$ Structures.

Mathieu Salanne, Jiwei Ma, Kyle G. Reeves, Mika Fukunishi, Shinichi Komaba, Damien Dambournet

A lamellar lepidocrocite-type titanate structure with ~25% $\text{Ti}^{4+}$vacancies was recently synthesized, and it showed potential for use as an electrode in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. In addition to lithium, we explore this material's ability to accommodate other monovalent ions with greater natural abundance (e.g. sodium and potassium) in order to develop lower-cost alternatives to lithium-ion batteries constructed from more widely available elements. Galvanostatic discharge/charge curves for the lepidocrocite material indicate that increasing the ionic radius of the monovalent ion results in a deteriorating performance of the electrode. Using first-principles electronic structure calculations, we identify the relaxed geometries of the structure for various positions of the ion in the structure. We then use these geometries to compute the energy of formations. Additionally, we determine that all ions are favorable in the structure, but interlayer positions are preferred compared to vacancy positions. We also conclude that the exchange between the interlayer and vacancy positions is a process which involves the interaction between interlayer water and surface hydroxyl groups next to the titanate layer. We observe a cooperative effect between structural water and $\text{OH}$ groups to assist alkali-ions to move from the interlayer to the vacancy site. Thus, the as-synthesized lepidocrocite serves as a prototypical structure to investigate both the migration mechanism of ions within a confined space along with the interaction between water molecules and the titanate framework.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06440

DOI: arXiv:1801.06440v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.