3 years ago

Interacting bosons in a double-well potential : localization regime.

Nicolas Rougerie, Dominique Spehner

We study the ground state of a large bosonic system trapped in a symmetric double-well potential, letting the distance between the two wells increase to infinity with the number of particles. In this context, one should expect an interaction-driven transition between a delocalized state (particles are independent and all live in both wells) and a localized state (particles are correlated, half of them live in each well). We start from the full many-body Schr{\"o}dinger Hamiltonian in a large-filling situation where the on-site interaction and kinetic energies are comparable. When tunneling is negligible against interaction energy, we prove a localization estimate showing that the particle number fluctuations in each well are strongly suppressed. The modes in which the particles condense are minimizers of nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger-type functionals.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1612.05758

DOI: arXiv:1612.05758v3

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