4 years ago

Manipulating DNA damage-response signaling for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases [Immunology and Inflammation]

Manipulating DNA damage-response signaling for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases [Immunology and Inflammation]
Catherine E. Terrell, Paul R. Andreassen, David A. Hildeman, Vandana Chaturvedi, Nora Lakes, Michael M. Henry, Stephan Ladisch, Michael B. Jordan, Jay N. Greenberg, Simon P. Hogan, Carl E. Allen, Scott H. Millen, Michelle L. Hermiston, Eileen E. Elfers, Michael Joyce, Jonathan P. McNally, Kaitlin R. Carroll, Jonathan D. Katz, Julie Kanter

Antigen-activated lymphocytes undergo extraordinarily rapid cell division in the course of immune responses. We hypothesized that this unique aspect of lymphocyte biology leads to unusual genomic stress in recently antigen-activated lymphocytes and that targeted manipulation of DNA damage-response (DDR) signaling pathways would allow for selective therapeutic targeting of pathological T cells in disease contexts. Consistent with these hypotheses, we found that activated mouse and human T cells display a pronounced DDR in vitro and in vivo. Upon screening a variety of small-molecule compounds, we found that potentiation of p53 (via inhibition of MDM2) or impairment of cell cycle checkpoints (via inhibition of CHK1/2 or WEE1) led to the selective elimination of activated, pathological T cells in vivo. The combination of these strategies [which we termed “p53 potentiation with checkpoint abrogation” (PPCA)] displayed therapeutic benefits in preclinical disease models of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and multiple sclerosis, which are driven by foreign antigens or self-antigens, respectively. PPCA therapy targeted pathological T cells but did not compromise naive, regulatory, or quiescent memory T-cell pools, and had a modest nonimmune toxicity profile. Thus, PPCA is a therapeutic modality for selective, antigen-specific immune modulation with significant translational potential for diverse immune-mediated diseases.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.