3 years ago

Intein-mediated assembly of tunable scaffoldins for facile synthesis of designer cellulosomes

Zhenlin Han, Wei Wen Su

Abstract

In this study, extended artificial scaffoldins possessing multiple cohesin modules were created in vivo by employing split-intein-mediated protein ligation. Artificial scaffoldins having one Clostridium thermocellum cohesin (Coht), one carbohydrate binding module (CBM) from Clostridium cellulolyticum scaffolding protein CipC, and one to five cohesins (Cohc) derived from CipC, were assembled. These scaffoldins were used to assemble cellulosomal enzyme complexes for investigating the interplay among endoglucanase, exoglucanase, and scaffoldin-borne CBM, on the hydrolysis of a model microcrystalline cellulose substrate, Avicel. The cellulosomal complexes were assembled in vitro by incubating recombinant C. thermocellum endoglucanase (At) and C. cellulolyticum exoglucanase (Ec), with the various artificial scaffoldins. Under a fixed total cellulase concentration, improved hydrolysis is noted by recruiting both Ec and At on the same scaffoldin, for all scaffoldins tested, compared with free cellulases. The improvement is more profound with scaffoldins having a higher Cohc/Coht ratio (i.e., increased Ec/At ratio). Furthermore, among scaffoldins having the same Cohc/Coht ratio, highest rates of Avicel hydrolysis are noted when Coht, and hence an endoglucanase, is situated next to the CBM and not flanked by Cohc. These results point to the importance of using scaffoldins with sufficiently high numbers of cohesin units to achieve an optimal exo-/endo-glucanase ratio to create efficient designer cellulosomes. Furthermore, intein-trans-splicing is proven here to be an effective method for assembling complex scaffoldins and more intricate cellulosomes.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-017-8701-y

DOI: 10.1007/s00253-017-8701-y

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.