3 years ago

Effect of stereoisomerism of poly(lactic acid) during neural guide conduit membrane synthesis

Effect of stereoisomerism of poly(lactic acid) during neural guide conduit membrane synthesis
Cristina Cardoso Pereira, Cristiano Piacsek Borges, Rui Carlos Castro Domingues
Poly(lactic acid) membranes are being developed as biomaterials for several purposes such as artificial implants for peripheral nerve injury, also known as neural guide conduits (NGC). These membranes need to meet standards of mechanical, degradability, and permeability properties, besides dimensional and structural requirements. Among the stereoisomers of polylactides, poly(l-lactic acid), and poly(d,l-lactic acid) are the most used as biomaterials, having significant differences in solubility, crystallinity thermal, and mechanical properties. In this work, PLLA and PDLLA were compared for hollow fiber membrane synthesis by liquid induced phase separation. PLLA samples presented 18% of crystallinity, while PDLLA is amorphous. PDLLA and PLLA polymer solutions on N-methyl-pyrrolidone presented values of 3428 and 320.2 cP, respectively. In immersion of PLA-NMP solutions in water, PLLA solution presented instantaneous demixing, while PDLLA showed a 28 s delay on precipitation. The PLLA–NMP–water has a larger demixing region compared to PDLLA–NMP–water system. Hollow fibers of both polymers presented closed external surface with finger-like macropores morphology in their cross-sections. PDLLA presented typical liquid–liquid demixing pores while PLLA presented spherulitical crystalline solid–liquid separation structures, which deeply compromised its mechanical properties. PDLLA presented as a good candidate for hollow fiber NGC material, as presented good mechanical resistance in tensile and suture simulating tests. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46190.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.46190

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.