3 years ago

Detector Blur and Correlated Noise Modeling for Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Reconstruction

Jeffrey A. Fessler, Jiabei Zheng, , Heang-Ping Chan
This paper describes a new image reconstruction method for digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). The new method incorporates detector blur into the forward model. The detector blur in DBT causes correlation in the measurement noise. By making a few approximations that are reasonable for breast imaging, we formulated a regularized quadratic optimization problem with a data-fit term that incorporates models for detector blur and correlated noise (DBCN). We derived a computationally efficient separable quadratic surrogate (SQS) algorithm to solve the optimization problem that has a non-diagonal noise covariance matrix. We evaluated the SQS-DBCN method by reconstructing DBT scans of breast phantoms and human subjects. The contrast-to-noise ratio and sharpness of microcalcifications were analyzed and compared with those by the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique. The quality of soft tissue lesions and parenchymal patterns was examined. The results demonstrate the potential to improve the image quality of reconstructed DBT images by incorporating the system physics model. This paper is a first step toward model-based iterative reconstruction for DBT.
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