3 years ago

Increased tolerance of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae conidia to high temperature provided by oil-based formulations

Increased tolerance of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae conidia to high temperature provided by oil-based formulations
The influence of the temperature of aqueous conidial sprays on conidial viability and virulence against Diatraea saccharalis was evaluated for pure conidia, rice + fungus (technical concentrates) and oil-based formulations of Beauveria bassiana s.s. and Metarhizium anisopliae s.s. under laboratory conditions. The fungal preparations were suspended in water and maintained at 26 °C, 36 °C and 46 °C for one, four and six hours. Conidial viability was determined by plating aliquots of each suspension onto PDA medium followed by incubation for 20–22 h and observing for viable conidia (germ tubes longer than diameter of conidia). Fungal virulence was determined by spraying suspensions onto third-instar larvae of D. saccharalis. In general, germination and virulence, particularly for unformulated conidia, were negatively affected by increases in water temperature and exposure time in suspension. However, the decrease in conidial viability in the oil-in-water emulsion was less than 7% for both species after 6 h of exposure at 36 °C, in contrast to reductions of 7–21% and 28–60% for the oil-free suspensions of B. bassiana and M. anisopliae, respectively. For the sprays of conidia in an oil-in-water emulsion previously exposed to elevated water temperatures for longer periods, the levels of insect mortality were higher than those of pure conidia or technical concentrates under identical conditions. Our results indicate that emulsifiable oil-based formulations can protect the conidia of both species of fungi from the adverse effects of high water temperatures before spraying in the field.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022201116301501

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