3 years ago

FmLC5, a putative galactose-binding C-type lectin with two QPD motifs from the hemocytes of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis participates in shrimp immune defense

FmLC5, a putative galactose-binding C-type lectin with two QPD motifs from the hemocytes of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis participates in shrimp immune defense
Crustaceans are deficient in adaptive immune system. They depend completely on an innate immunity to protect themselves from invading microorganisms. One kind of pattern recognition receptors that contribute roles in the innate immunity is lectin. A new C-type lectin gene designated as FmLC5 was isolated from Fenneropenaeus merguiensis. Its full-length cDNA is composed of 1526bp and one open reading frame of 852bp encoding a peptide of 284 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of FmLC5 comprises a signal peptide of 20 contiguous amino acids with a molecular mass of 31.47kDa and an isoelectric point of 4.35. The primary structure of FmLC5 consists of two similar carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs), each CRD contains a Ca2+ binding site-2 and a QPD motif specific for galactose-binding. The FmLC5 transcripts were detected only in the hemocytes analyzed by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. The FmLC5 expression was significantly up-regulated after challenge with Vibrio harveyi, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) or lipopolysaccharide. RNAi-based silencing with co-injection by V. harveyi or WSSV resulted in critical suppression of the FmLC5 expression, increasing in mortality and reduction of the median lethal time. These results conclude that FmLC5 is unique putative galactose-binding C-type lectin in F. merguiensis that may contribute as receptor molecule in the immune response to defend the shrimp from pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022201117302598

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