3 years ago

Probing the Conformation of an IgG1 Monoclonal Antibody in Lyophilized Solids Using Solid-State Hydrogen–Deuterium Exchange with Mass Spectrometric Analysis (ssHDX-MS)

Probing the Conformation of an IgG1 Monoclonal Antibody
in Lyophilized Solids Using Solid-State Hydrogen–Deuterium
Exchange with Mass Spectrometric Analysis (ssHDX-MS)
Sandeep Nema, Michael Kimmel, Elizabeth M. Topp, Ehab M. Moussa, Satish K. Singh
Therapeutic proteins are often formulated as lyophilized products to improve their stability and prolong shelf life. The stability of proteins in the solid-state has been correlated with preservation of native higher order structure and/or molecular mobility in the solid matrix, with varying success. In the studies reported here, we used solid-state hydrogen–deuterium exchange with mass spectrometric analysis (ssHDX-MS) to study the conformation of an IgG1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) in lyophilized solids and related the extent of ssHDX to aggregation during storage in the solid phase. The results demonstrate that the extent of ssHDX correlated better with aggregation rate during storage than did solid-state Fourier-transform infrared (ssFTIR) spectroscopic measurements. Interestingly, adding histidine to sucrose at different formulation pH conditions decreased aggregation of the mAb, an effect that did not correlate with structural or conformational changes as measured by ssFTIR or ssHDX-MS. Moreover, peptide-level ssHDX-MS analysis in four selected formulations demonstrated global changes across the structure of the mAb when lyophilized with sucrose, trehalose, or mannitol, whereas site-specific changes were observed when lyophilized with histidine as the sole excipient.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00696

DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00696

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