3 years ago

A report on the mosquitoes of mainland Åland, southwestern Finland and revised list of Finnish mosquitoes

A report on the mosquitoes of mainland Åland, southwestern Finland and revised list of Finnish mosquitoes
C. L. Culverwell
To successfully implement surveillance or control strategies for mosquitoes, up-to-date knowledge of regional species composition is vital. The last report regarding mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Åland archipelago, southwestern Finland listed 19 species (Utrio, 1979). To determine the current species diversity, one collection trip was made to mainland Åland in 2015 and three in 2016. Mosquitoes (n = 3286) were collected as both adult and immature life stages from 88 collections within 29 1-km2 areas. Fifteen of the 19 previously reported species were obtained, leaving the current status of four species uncertain. At least 11 species previously not reported from Åland, but confirmed on the Finnish mainland, were collected. Aedes geminus Peus was identified based on examination of the gonostylus, and represents a new species distribution for Finland. Anopheles maculipennis s.s. Meigen was confirmed from cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequence data and is reinstated on the list of Finnish species, along with Ochlerotatus sticticus (Meigen). Dahliana geniculata (Olivier) was found in two locations, in 2 months, indicating that there is an established population in Åland. The present data confirm that at least 27 species inhabit mainland Åland, rising to 31 when historical data are included. The Finnish mosquito fauna is increased from 38 to 41 species. Examination of mosquitoes collected from mainland Åland in 2015 and 2016 confirmed 27 species present on the island, with 31 species reported when historical data are included. From these collections, three species are added to the list of mosquito species from Finland: Aedes geminus, Ochlerotatus sticticus and Anopheles maculipennis s.s. An additional species, Dahliana geniculata, was established as present on the island, when previously it had been recorded from one specimen in 1979 from Rauma, southwestern Finland.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/mve.12272

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.