5 years ago

Emerging 0D Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides for Sensors, Biomedicine, and Clean Energy

Emerging 0D Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides for Sensors, Biomedicine, and Clean Energy
Magdiel Inggrid Setyawati, Hao Lin Zou, Jiang Xue Dong, Hong Qun Luo, Bang Lin Li, David Tai Leong, Nian Bing Li
Following research on two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), zero-dimensional (0D) TMDs nanostructures have also garnered some attention due to their unique properties; exploitable for new applications. The 0D TMDs nanostructures stand distinct from their larger 2D TMDs cousins in terms of their general structure and properties. 0D TMDs possess higher bandgaps, ultra-small sizes, high surface-to-volume ratios with more active edge sites per unit mass. So far, reported 0D TMDs can be mainly classified as quantum dots, nanodots, nanoparticles, and small nanoflakes. All exhibited diverse applications in various fields due to their unique and excellent properties. Of significance, through exploiting inherent characteristics of 0D TMDs materials, enhanced catalytic, biomedical, and photoluminescence applications can be realized through this exciting sub-class of TMDs. Herein, we comprehensively review the properties and synthesis methods of 0D TMDs nanostructures and focus on their potential applications in sensor, biomedicine, and energy fields. This article aims to educate potential adopters of these excitingly new nanomaterials as well as to inspire and promote the development of more impactful applications. Especially in this rapidly evolving field, this review may be a good resource of critical insights and in-depth comparisons between the 0D and 2D TMDs. Zero-dimensional (0D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) nanostructures are suitable materials for/in sensors, biomedical, and energy applications. Creative exploitation of their electronic, physical, and chemical properties has been extremely impactful for the field of TMDs nanomaterials. Considering the similarities and differences between TMDs in two-dimensional and in 0D morphologies, 0D TMDs can be good alternative starting materials for those important applications.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/smll.201700527

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