5 years ago

Out-of-Plane Strain Induced in a Moiré Superstructure of Monolayer MoS2 and MoSe2 on Au(111)

Out-of-Plane Strain Induced in a Moiré Superstructure of Monolayer MoS2 and MoSe2 on Au(111)
Yasumitsu Miyata, Yuhei Hayamizu, Satoshi Yasuda, Ryo Osaka, Kei Murakoshi, Susumu Okada, Ryosuke Takahashi, Ryota Kumagai
Making contact of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) with a metal surface is essential for fabricating and designing electronic devices and catalytic systems. It also generates strain in the TMDCs that plays significant role in both electronic and phonon structures. Therefore, detailed understanding of mechanism of the strain generation is important to fully comprehend the modulation effect for the electronic and phonon properties. Here, MoS2 and MoSe2 monolayers are grown on Au surface by chemical vapor deposition and it is demonstrated that the contact with a crystalline Au(111) surface gives rise to only out-of-plane strain in both MoS2 and MoSe2 layers, whereas no strain generation is observed on polycrystalline Au or SiO2/Si surfaces. Scanning tunneling microscopy analysis provides information regarding consequent specific adsorption sites between lower S (Se) atoms in the SMoS (SeMoSe) structure and Au atoms via unique moiré superstructure formation for MoS2 and MoSe2 layers on Au(111). This observation indicates that the specific adsorption sites give rise to out-of-plane strain in the TMDC layers. Furthermore, it also leads to effective modulation of the electronic structure of the MoS2 or MoSe2 layer. Modulation effect of phonon and electronic structures in MoS2 and MoSe2 monolayers by contact with Au(111) surface is investigated. Raman scattering spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy reveal that moiré superstructures of the monolayers produced by the contact with Au(111) surfaces give rise to significant out-of-plane strain and modulation of electronic structure in both the layers.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/smll.201700748

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