3 years ago

Improved Reversible Cross-Linking-Based Solid-Phase RNA Extraction for Pathogen Diagnostics

Improved Reversible Cross-Linking-Based Solid-Phase
RNA Extraction for Pathogen Diagnostics
Yong Shin, Eun Yeong Lee, Fei Zhao
In this study, we developed an amine-functionalized, diatomaceous earth-based, dimethyl suberimidate assisted (ADD) system as a novel binding strategy to improve the solid-phase extraction method for rapid and simple purification of RNA from biological samples including human cells and pathogenic bacteria. This ADD system is based on reversible cross-linking reactions between RNA and the silica matrix. The formation of robust covalent bonds protects RNA from both the sufferance of washing steps and isolation with ribonuclease (RNase)-rich samples, leading to the extraction of higher quality RNA. This improved RNA extraction system integrated with quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is evaluated for pathogen diagnostics. Compared to standard solid-phase extraction based commercial kits, this improved method shows highly enhanced sensitivity with 1000-fold higher sensitivity for human cells and 100-fold higher sensitivity for Brucella bacteria, according to the cycle threshold value of RT-qPCR. We envision that the ADD system can be tailored for commercial applications for RNA expression analysis in forensics studies, as well as for disease diagnostics in clinical applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03493

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03493

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