3 years ago

Induced minors and well-quasi-ordering.

Théophile Trunck, Jean-Florent Raymond, Jarosław Błasiok, Marcin Kamiński

A graph $H$ is an induced minor of a graph $G$ if it can be obtained from an induced subgraph of $G$ by contracting edges. Otherwise, $G$ is said to be $H$-induced minor-free. Robin Thomas showed that $K_4$-induced minor-free graphs are well-quasi-ordered by induced minors [Graphs without $K_4$ and well-quasi-ordering, Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B, 38(3):240 -- 247, 1985].

We provide a dichotomy theorem for $H$-induced minor-free graphs and show that the class of $H$-induced minor-free graphs is well-quasi-ordered by the induced minor relation if and only if $H$ is an induced minor of the gem (the path on 4 vertices plus a dominating vertex) or of the graph obtained by adding a vertex of degree 2 to the complete graph on 4 vertices. To this end we proved two decomposition theorems which are of independent interest.

Similar dichotomy results were previously given for subgraphs by Guoli Ding in [Subgraphs and well-quasi-ordering, Journal of Graph Theory, 16(5):489--502, 1992] and for induced subgraphs by Peter Damaschke in [Induced subgraphs and well-quasi-ordering, Journal of Graph Theory, 14(4):427--435, 1990].

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1510.07135

DOI: arXiv:1510.07135v2

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