3 years ago

Investigation of Exciton Recombination Zone in Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using a Fluorescent Probe

Investigation of Exciton Recombination Zone in Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using a Fluorescent Probe
Shuming Chen, Dingxin Xu, Feng Wen, Heng Zhang, Xiaoyu Huang
Exciton recombination zone, where the photons are generated, can greatly affect the performance, such as the efficiency and color purity, of the quantum dot (QD) light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). To probe the exciton recombination zone, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-t-butyl-6(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran (DCJTB) is doped into the charge transport layer as a fluorescent sensor; by monitoring the Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) between QD and DCJTB, the location of the recombination zone can be determined. It is found that the electron transport layer (ETL) has a great impact on the recombination zone. For example, in QLEDs with ZnMgO ETL, the recombination zone is near the interface of the QD/hole transport layer (HTL) and is shifted to the interface of the QD/ETL as the driving voltage is increased, whereas in devices with 1,3,5-tris(2-N-phenylbenzimidazolyl) benzene (TPBi) ETL, the recombination zone is close to the interface of the QD/ETL and moved to the interface of the QD/HTL with the increase in the driving voltage. Our results can also clarify the light emission mechanism in QLEDs. In devices with ZnMgO ETL, the emission is dominated by the direct charge recombination, whereas in devices with TPBi ETL, the emission is contributed by both FRET and direct charge recombination. Our studies suggest that fluorescent probe can be a powerful tool for investigating the exciton recombination zone, light emission mechanism, and other fundamental processes in QLEDs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08574

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08574

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