3 years ago

Conjugate of an IgG Binding Domain with Botulinum Neurotoxin A Lacking the Acceptor Moiety Targets Its SNARE Protease into TrkA-Expressing Cells When Coupled to Anti-TrkA IgG or Fc-βNGF

Conjugate of an IgG Binding Domain with Botulinum Neurotoxin A Lacking the Acceptor Moiety Targets Its SNARE Protease into TrkA-Expressing Cells When Coupled to Anti-TrkA IgG or Fc-βNGF
Marc Nugent, Joan A. Geoghegan, Gary Lawrence, Jiafu Wang, Tomas Zurawski, J. Oliver Dolly
Numerous naturally occurring toxins can perturb biological systems when they invade susceptible cells. Coupling of pertinent targeting ligands to the active domains of such proteins provides a strategy for directing these to particular cellular populations implicated in disease. A novel approach described herein involved fusion of one mutated immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding moiety of staphylococcal protein A to the SNARE protease and translocation domain of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A). This chimera could be monovalently coupled to IgG or via its Fc region to recombinant targeting ligands. The utility of the resulting conjugates is demonstrated by the delivery of a SNARE protease into a cell line expressing tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) through coupling to anti-TrkA IgG or a fusion of Fc and nerve-growth factor. Thus, this is a versitile and innovative technology for conjugating toxins to diverse ligands for retargeted cell delivery of potential therapeutics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00157

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00157

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