5 years ago

Band Gap Engineering of Titania Film through Cobalt Regulation for Oxidative Damage of Bacterial Respiration and Viability

Band Gap Engineering of Titania Film through Cobalt Regulation for Oxidative Damage of Bacterial Respiration and Viability
Xuanyong Liu, Kelvin W. K. Yeung, Xianlong Zhang, Donghui Wang, Geyong Guo, Jinhua Li, Jiaxing Wang
Biomaterial-related bacterial infections cause patient suffering, mortality, and extended periods of hospitalization and impose a substantial burden on medical systems. In this context, understanding the interactions between nanomaterials and bacteria is clinically significant. Herein, TiO2-based heterojunctions, including Co–TiO2, CoO–TiO2, and Co3O4–TiO2, were first designed by optimizing magnetron sputtering to establish a platform to explore the interactions between nanomaterials and bacteria. We found that the energy band bending and band gap narrowing were effectively promoted at the contact interface of the heterojunctions, which have the ability to induce abiotic reactive oxygen species formation. Using methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, in vitro studies showed that the heterojunctions of Co–TiO2, CoO–TiO2, and especially Co3O4–TiO2 can effectively downregulate the expression levels of bacterial respiratory genes and cause oxidative damage to bacterial membrane respiration and viability. As a result, the surfaces of the heterojunctions possess a favorable antiadherent bacterial activity. Moreover, using an osteomyelitis model, the preclinical study on rats further confirmed the favorable anti-infection effect of the elaborately designed heterojunctions (especially Co3O4–TiO2). We hope this study can provide new insights into the surface antibacterial design of biomaterials using energy band engineering for both basic research and clinical needs. Meanwhile, this attempt may also contribute to expanding the biomedical applications of cobalt-based nanoparticles for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant infections.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06867

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06867

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