3 years ago

Generalized coupled mode formalism in reciprocal waveguides with gain/loss, anisotropy or bianisotropy.

Zhongfei Xiong, Jing Xu, Weijin Chen, Yuntian Chen

In anisotropic or bianisotropic waveguides, the standard coupled mode theory fails due to the broken link between the forward and backward propagating modes, which together form the dual mode sets that are crucial in constructing couple mode equations. We generalize the coupled mode theory by treating the forward and backward propagating modes on the same footing via a generalized eigenvalue problem that is exactly equivalent to the waveguide Hamiltonian. The generalized eigenvalue problem is fully characterized by two operators, i.e., $( \bar{\bm{L}},\bar{\bm{B}})$, wherein $\bar{\bm{L}}$ is a self-adjoint differential operator, while $\bar{\bm{B}}$ is a constant antisymmetric operator. From the properties of $\bar{\bm{L}}$ and $\bar{\bm{B}}$, we establish the relation between the dual mode sets that are essential in constructing coupled mode equations in terms of forward and backward propagating modes. By perturbation, the generalized coupled mode equation can be derived in a natural way. Our generalized coupled mode formalism can be used to study the mode coupling in waveguides that may contain gain/loss, anisotropy or bianisotropy. We further illustrate how the generalized coupled theory can be used to study the modal coupling in anisotropy and bianisotropy waveguides through a few concrete examples.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06673

DOI: arXiv:1801.06673v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.