3 years ago

Intrinsically Stretchable Nanostructured Silver Electrodes for Realizing Efficient Strain Sensors and Stretchable Organic Photovoltaics

Intrinsically Stretchable Nanostructured Silver Electrodes for Realizing Efficient Strain Sensors and Stretchable Organic Photovoltaics
Yang-Yen Yu, Wen-Chang Chen, Chih-Ping Chen, Chun-Ying Chiang, Jang-Hsing Hsieh, Chu-Chen Chueh, Chien-Hsun Chen
In this study, a new hybrid electrode featuring a high gauge factor of >30, decent stretchability (100% of the original conductivity can be retained after 50 cycles of stretching under a 20% strain without prestrain treatment), high transmittance (>70%) across 400–900 nm, and a good sheet resistance (<50 Ω sq–1) was successfully exploited. These superior properties were revealed to originate from the reversible phase separation endowed by the nanogranular-like morphology formed in Ag. Owing to such discrete nanomorphology, the free volume within this Ag electrode is susceptible to the applied tensile strain and the ensuing change in conductivity enables the realization of an efficient strain sensor. Besides, a representative PTB7-th:PC71BM organic photovoltaic (OPV) using this electrode (with the assistance of a wrinkled scaffold to reinforce the stretchability of the active layer) can exhibit a power-conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6% along with high deformability, for which 75% of its original PCE is retained after 50 cycles of stretching under a 20% strain. Meanwhile, a representative all-polymer OPV consisting of a PTB7-th:N2200 blend, in which the N2200 has a better mechanical stretchability than that of PC71BM, can maintain over 96% of its original PCE after 50 cycles of stretching (under a 20% strain) without employing the wrinkled scaffold. Such promising performance in stretchable OPVs is among the state-of-the-art results reported to date.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06963

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06963

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