3 years ago

Orbital stability in static axisymmetric fields.

Gopakumar Mohandas, Martin E. Pessah, Tobias Heinemann

We investigate the stability of test-particle equilibrium orbits in axisymmetric, but otherwise arbitrary, gravitational and electromagnetic fields. We extend previous studies of this problem to include a toroidal magnetic field. We find that, even though the toroidal magnetic field does not alter the location of the circular orbits, it enters the problem as a gyroscopic force with the potential to provide gyroscopic stability. This is in essence similar to the situation encountered in the reduced three-body problem where rotation enables stability around the local maxima of the effective potential. Nevertheless, we show that gyroscopic stabilization by a toroidal magnetic field is impossible for axisymmetric force fields in source-free regions because in this case the effective potential does not possess any local maxima. As an example of an axisymmetric force field with sources, we consider the classical problem of a rotating, aligned magnetosphere. By analyzing the dynamics of halo and equatorial particle orbits we conclude that axisymmetric toroidal fields that are antisymmetric about the equator are unable to provide gyroscopic stabilization. On the other hand, a toroidal magnetic field that does not vanish at the equator can provide gyroscopic stabilization for positively charged particles in prograde equatorial orbits.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.07106

DOI: arXiv:1801.07106v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.