3 years ago

The Conditions for $l=1$ Pomeranchuk Instability in a Fermi Liquid.

Avraham Klein, Yi-Ming Wu, Andrey V. Chubukov

We perform a microscropic analysis of how the constraints imposed by conservation laws affect $q=0$ Pomeranchuk instabilities in a Fermi liquid. The conventional view is that these instabilities are determined by the static interaction between low-energy quasiparticles near the Fermi surface, in the limit of vanishing momentum transfer $q$. The condition for a Pomeranchuk instability is set by $F^{c(s)}_l =-1$, where $F^{c(s)}_l$ (a Landau parameter) is a properly normalized partial component of the anti-symmetrized static interaction $F(k,k+q; p,p-q)$ in a charge (c) or spin (s) sub-channel with angular momentum $l$. However, it is known that conservation laws for total spin and charge prevent Pomeranchuk instabilities for $l=1$ spin- and charge- current order parameters. Our study aims to understand whether this holds only for these special forms of $l=1$ order parameters, or is a more generic result. To this end we perform a diagrammatic analysis of spin and charge susceptibilities for charge and spin density order parameters, as well as perturbative calculations to second order in the Hubbard $U$. We argue that for $l=1$ spin-current and charge-current order parameters, certain vertex functions, which are determined by high-energy fermions, vanish at $F^{c(s)}_{l=1}=-1$, preventing a Pomeranchuk instability from taking place. For an order parameter with a generic $l=1$ form-factor, the vertex function is not expressed in terms of $F^{c(s)}_{l=1}$, and a Pomeranchuk instability does occur when $F^{c(s)}_1=-1$. We argue that for other values of $l$, a Pomeranchuk instability occurs at $F^{c(s)}_{l} =-1$ for an order parameter with any form-factor

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06571

DOI: arXiv:1801.06571v1

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