3 years ago

Immediate and delayed mortality of the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn), on different surfaces treated with thiamethoxam and alpha-cypermethrin

In this study, we evaluated efficacy of alpha-cypermethrin and thiamethoxam on concrete, linen and plastic surfaces, against adults of the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae), which is an important pest of stored maize in the tropics. Insect mortality was recorded after 1, 3 and 7 days of exposure. Then, separately for each initial exposure, the surviving individuals were transferred to untreated surfaces and delayed mortality was assessed again 1, 3 and 7 days later. Adult mortality on both insecticide treated linen surface was significantly lower than those on the other surfaces. Regarding delayed mortality, for adults that had been initially exposed for 7 d, complete control was detected 7 d later on plastic and concrete surfaces treated with thiamethoxam, while for alpha-cypermethrin complete mortality was detected only on plastic surface. Overall, there was a noticeable delayed mortality of P. truncatus adults, for all exposures and surfaces, which indicates that even if the insects are removed from the substrate that with either alpha-cypermethrin or thiamethoxam, delayed mortality is more likely to occur than recovery.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022474X17302916

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