3 years ago

Comparison of dry matter losses and aflatoxin B1 contamination of paddy and brown rice stored naturally or after inoculation with Aspergillus flavus at different environmental conditions

The objective of this study was to compare the effect of different storage moisture conditions (0.70, 0.85, 0.90 and 0.95 water activity, aw) and temperatures (20, 25, 30 °C) on (a) respiration rates (R) and dry matter loss (DML) of paddy and brown rice and (b) quantify aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) production by isolates of Aspergillus flavus from the rice samples and (c) inoculation of both rice types with A. flavus under these storage conditions on R, DML and AFB1 contamination. There was an increase in temporal CO2 production with wetter and warmer conditions in naturally contaminated rice. Higher R and consequently, % DML, were generally found in the brown rice (21%) while in paddy rice this was only up to 3.5% DML. From both rice types, 15 (83.3%) of 18 A. flavus isolates produced detectable levels of AFB1 in a range 2.5–1979.6 μg/kg. There was an increase in DML in both rice types inoculated with A. flavus as temperature and aw were increased. Interestingly very little AFB1 was detected in paddy rice, but significant contamination occurred in the brown rice. The %DML in the control and A. flavus inoculated rice increased with temperature and aw at both 25 and 30 °C from 1-2% to 15–20% DML at 30 °C and 0.95 aw. All the inoculated rice samples had AFB1 levels above the EU legislative limits for contamination in other temperate cereals and products derived from cereals (=2 μg/kg). Even samples with % DML as low as 0.2% had AFB1 contamination levels twice the limits for other cereals. These results suggest that the mycotoxin contamination risk in staple commodities like rice, is influenced by whether the rice is processed or not, and that measurement of R rates can be used to predict the relative risk of AFB1 contamination in such staple commodities.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022474X17300681

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.