3 years ago

Base-Selective Five- versus Six-Membered Ring Annulation in Palladium-Catalyzed C–C Coupling Cascade Reactions: New Access to Electron-Poor Polycyclic Aromatic Dicarboximides

Base-Selective Five- versus Six-Membered Ring Annulation in Palladium-Catalyzed C–C Coupling Cascade Reactions: New Access to Electron-Poor Polycyclic Aromatic Dicarboximides
Sabine Seifert, Kazutaka Shoyama, Frank Würthner, David Schmidt
Palladium-catalyzed base-selective annulation of dibromonaphthalimide to different aryl boronate esters by combined Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling and direct C−H arylation afforded a series of new five- and six-membered ring annulated electron-poor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Cesium carbonate (Cs2CO3) as auxiliary base in these C−C coupling cascade reactions led exclusively to six-membered ring annulation, while the use of organic base diazabicycloundecene (DBU) afforded the corresponding five-membered ring annulated products. This base-dependent selective mode of annulation is attributed to different mechanistic pathways directed by the applied base. The selective annulation was revealed by single crystal X-ray analysis of the respective five- and six-membered ring annulated products. The optical and redox properties of the new polycyclic aromatic dicarboximides were characterized by UV/Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Polycycles: Depending on the auxiliary bases applied in Pd-catalyzed C−C coupling reactions electron-poor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are obtained by selective five- or six-membered ring annulation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201702889

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