3 years ago

The Mechanism by Which Luteolin Disrupts the Cytoplasmic Membrane of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

The Mechanism by Which Luteolin Disrupts the Cytoplasmic
Membrane of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Tao Zhang, Huaiyu Yang, Xin Yan, Qichao Luo, Yunguang Qiu, Hualiang Jiang, Lifen Zhao, Qiaoce Ding
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most versatile human pathogens. Luteolin (LUT) has anti-MRSA activity by disrupting the MRSA cytoplasmic membrane. However, the mechanism by which luteolin disrupts the membrane remains unclear. Here, we performed differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and all-atomic molecular dynamics (AA-MD) simulations to investigate the interactions and effects of LUT on model membranes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG). We detected the transition thermodynamic parameters of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) liposomes, dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) liposomes, and liposomes composed of both DPPC and DPPG at different LUT concentrations and showed that LUT molecules were located between polar heads and the hydrophobic region of DPPC/DPPG. In the MD trajectories, LUT molecules ranging from 5 to 50 had different effects on the membranes thickness, fluidity and ordered property of lipids, and lateral pressure of lipid bilayers composed of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and dioleoylphosphatidylglycerol (DOPG). Also, most LUT molecules were distributed in the region between the phosphorus atoms and C9 atoms of DOPC and DOPG. On the basis of the combination of these results, we conclude that the distinct effects of LUT on lipid bilayers composed of PCs and PGs may elucidate the mechanism by which LUT disrupts the cytoplasmic membrane of MRSA.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05766

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05766

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