3 years ago

Colossal Anisotropy of the Dynamic Magnetic Susceptibility in Low-Dimensional Nanocube Assemblies

Colossal Anisotropy of the Dynamic Magnetic Susceptibility
in Low-Dimensional Nanocube Assemblies
Vincent Schaller, Detlef-M. Smilgies, Christer Johansson, Christian Jonasson, Erik Wetterskog, Peter Svedlindh
One of the ultimate goals of nanocrystal self-assembly is to transform nanoscale building blocks into a material that displays enhanced properties relative to the sum of its parts. Herein, we demonstrate that 1D needle-shaped assemblies composed of Fe3−δO4 nanocubes display a significant augmentation of the magnetic susceptibility and dissipation as compared to 0D and 2D systems. The performance of the nanocube needles is highlighted by a colossal anisotropy factor defined as the ratio of the parallel to the perpendicular magnetization components. We show that the origin of this effect cannot be ascribed to shape anisotropy in its classical sense; as such, it has no analogy in bulk magnetic materials. The temperature-dependent anisotropy factors of the in- and out-of-phase components of the magnetization have an extremely strong particle size dependence and reach values of 80 and 2500, respectively, for the largest nanocubes in this study. Aided by simulations, we ascribe the anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility, and its strong particle-size dependence to a synergistic coupling between the dipolar interaction field and a net anisotropy field resulting from a partial texture in the 1D nanocube needles.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b07745

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b07745

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