3 years ago

Six Trikentrin-like Cyclopentanoindoles from Trikentrion flabelliforme. Absolute Structural Assignment by NMR and ECD

Six Trikentrin-like
Cyclopentanoindoles from Trikentrion flabelliforme. Absolute Structural Assignment
by NMR and ECD
Mariam N. Salib, Tadeusz F. Molinski
Six new cyclopenta[g]indoles were isolated from a West Australian sponge, Trikentrion flabelliforme Hentschel, 1912, and their structures elucidated by integrated spectroscopic analysis. The compounds are analogues of previously described trikentrins, herbindoles, and trikentramides from related Axinellid sponges. The assignment of absolute configuration of the new compounds was carried out largely by comparative analysis of specific rotation, calculated and measured ECD, and exploiting van’t Hoff’s principle of optical superposition. Five of the new compounds were chemically interconverted to establish their stereochemical relationships, leading to a simple chiroptical mnemonic for assignment of the this family of chiral indoles. The first biosynthetic hypothesis is advanced to explain the origin of the trikentrin–herbinole family and proposes a pyrrole–carboxylic thioester-initiated polyketide synthase mechanism.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b02813

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b02813

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