3 years ago

Polyaniline (C_{3}N) nanoribbons: Magnetic metal, Semiconductor, and Half-Metal.

Meysam Bagheri Tagani, Sahar Izadi Vishkayi

Polyaniline nanoribbons decomposed from two-dimensional polyaniline sheet ( C3N sheet) are investigated using density functional theory. Existence of nitrogen atoms in the edge of the ribbons increases stability and magnetization of the ribbons. Unsaturated nanoribbons are magnetic metals so that armchair C3N nanoribbons are gap-less spin semiconductors in antiferromagnetic state and half-metals in ferromagnetic state. A transition from metal to semiconductor is observed in the armchair C3N nanoribbons when the edge atoms are passivated by hydrogen. The band gap of hydrogen saturated armchair C3N nanoribbons can be controlled using an external transverse electric field so that its magnitude is dependent on the direction of the electric field. Being metal or semiconductor in hydrogen saturated zigzag C3N nanoribbons are strongly dependent on the edge atoms so that just ribbons having nitrogen atoms in the both edges are semiconductor. External electric field cannot induce any spin polarization in the zigzag nanoribbons which is in contrast with what was observed in zigzag graphene nanoribbons.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.07540

DOI: arXiv:1801.07540v1

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