3 years ago

Effect of finite range interactions on roton mode softening in a multi-component BEC.

Abhijit Pendse

We consider the Gross-Pitaevskii(GP) model of a Bose-Einstein Condensate(BEC) for single-component and multi-component BEC. The pseudopotential for s-wave scattering between atoms is taken to be of width of the order of the s-wave scattering length. Such an interaction giving rise to a roton minimum in the spectrum of elementary excitations of a single component BEC is well known. However, softening roton modes takes us in the strongly interacting BEC regime where three body losses occur. We study the roton mode softening for a multi-component BEC. We show that by increasing the number of components of a multi-component BEC, the roton mode can be softened at a progressively lower value of the gas parameter ($a^{3}n$), thus reducing three body losses.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1611.06351

DOI: arXiv:1611.06351v2

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