Non-convex dissipation potentials in multiscale non-equilibrium thermodynamics.
Reformulating constitutive relation in terms of gradient dynamics (being derivative of a dissipation potential) brings additional information on stability, metastability and instability of the dynamics with respect to perturbations of the constitutive relation, called CR-stability. CR-instability is connected to the loss of convexity of the dissipation potential, which makes the Legendre-conjugate dissipation potential multivalued and causes dissipative phase transitions, that are not induced by non-convexity of free energy, but by non-convexity of the dissipation potential. CR-stability of the constitutive relation with respect to perturbations is then manifested by constructing evolution equations for the perturbations in a thermodynamically sound way. As a result, interesting experimental observations of behavior of complex fluids under shear flow and supercritical boiling curve can be explained.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1701.06094