Density and $T_1$ of surface and bulk spins in diamond in high magnetic field gradients.
We report on surface and bulk spin density measurements of diamond, using ultra-sensitive magnetic force microscopy with magnetic field gradients up to 0.5 T/$\mu$m. At temperatures between 25 and 800 mK, we measure the shifts in the resonance frequency and quality factor of a cantilever with a micromagnet attached to it. A recently developed theoretical analysis allows us to extract a surface spin density of 0.072 spins/nm$^2$ and a bulk spin density of 0.4 ppm from this data. In addition, we find an increase of the $T_1$ time of the surface spins in high magnetic field gradients due to the suppression of spin diffusion. Our technique is applicable to a variety of samples other than diamond, and could be of interest for several research fields where surface, interface or impurity bulk spin densities are an important factor.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.07535
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