5 years ago

Self-Templated Fabrication of MoNi4/MoO3-x Nanorod Arrays with Dual Active Components for Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution

Self-Templated Fabrication of MoNi4/MoO3-x Nanorod Arrays with Dual Active Components for Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution
Shuai Niu, Hao Luo, Yu-Yun Chen, Li-Jun Wan, Jin-Song Hu, Yun Zhang, Zhi-Hui Dai, Tang Tang, Xing Zhang
A binder-free efficient MoNi4/MoO3-x nanorod array electrode with 3D open structure is developed by using Ni foam as both scaffold and Ni source to form NiMoO4 precursor, followed by subsequent annealing in a reduction atmosphere. It is discovered that the self-templated conversion of NiMoO4 into MoNi4 nanocrystals and MoO3-x as dual active components dramatically boosts the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance. Benefiting from high intrinsic activity, high electrochemical surface area, 3D open network, and improved electron transport, the resulting MoNi4/MoO3-x electrode exhibits a remarkable HER activity with extremely low overpotentials of 17 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and 114 mV at 500 mA cm−2, as well as a superior durability in alkaline medium. The water–alkali electrolyzer using MoNi4/MoO3-x as cathode achieves stable overall water splitting with a small cell voltage of 1.6 V at 30 mA cm−2. These findings may inspire the exploration of cost-effective and efficient electrodes by in situ integrating multiple highly active components on 3D platform with open conductive network for practical hydrogen production. A MoNi4/MoO3-x nanorod array with dual active components is developed by self-templated conversion from NiMoO4 host nanorods, which exhibits boosted activity and remarkable durability for hydrogen evolution with extremely low overpotentials of 114 mV at 500 mA cm−2 in 1 M KOH. The assembled water–alkali electrolyzer outputs a current density of 30 mA cm−2 at 1.6 V over long-term operation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703311

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