3 years ago

Histone variant H3.3-mediated chromatin remodeling is essential for paternal genome activation in mouse preimplantation embryos.

Gianpiero D Palermo, Claire Liane O'Neill, Peidong Yan, Heng Zhang, Shahin Rafii, Fuqiang Geng, Zev Rosenwaks, Jiaming Zhang, Laura A Banaszynski, Qingran Kong, Koji Shido, Xiaolei Zhang, C David Allis, Zhonghua Liu, Duancheng Wen
Derepression of chromatin-mediated transcriptional repression of paternal and maternal genomes is considered the first major step that initiates zygotic gene expression after fertilization. The histone variant H3.3 is present in both male and female gametes and is thought to be important for remodeling the paternal and maternal genomes for activation during both fertilization and embryogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Using our H3.3B-HA-tagged mouse model, engineered to report H3.3 expression in live animals and to distinguish different source of H3.3 protein in embryos, we show here that sperm-derived H3.3 protein (sH3.3) is removed from the sperm genome shortly after fertilization and extruded from the zygotes via the second polar bodies (PB II) during embryogenesis. We also found that the maternal H3.3 (mH3.3) protein is incorporated into the paternal genome as early as 2h post-fertilization and is detectable in the paternal genome until the morula stage. Knockdown of maternal H3.3 resulted in compromised embryonic development both of fertilized embryos and of androgenetic haploid embryos. Furthermore, we report that mH3.3 depletion in oocytes impairs both activation of the Oct4 pluripotency marker gene and global de novo transcription from the paternal genome important for early embryonic development. Our results suggest that H3.3-mediated paternal chromatin remodeling is essential for the development of preimplantation embryos and the activation of the paternal genome during embryogenesis.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA117.001150

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.001150

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