3 years ago

STAC proteins associate to the IQ domain of CaV1.2 and inhibit calcium-dependent inactivation [Physiology]

STAC proteins associate to the IQ domain of CaV1.2 and inhibit calcium-dependent inactivation [Physiology]
Bernhard E. Flucher, Filip Van Petegem, Petronel Tuluc, Pierre Coste de Bagneaux, Marta Campiglio, Nadine J. Ortner

The adaptor proteins STAC1, STAC2, and STAC3 represent a newly identified family of regulators of voltage-gated calcium channel (CaV) trafficking and function. The skeletal muscle isoform STAC3 is essential for excitation–contraction coupling and its mutation causes severe muscle disease. Recently, two distinct molecular domains in STAC3 were identified, necessary for its functional interaction with CaV1.1: the C1 domain, which recruits STAC proteins to the calcium channel complex in skeletal muscle triads, and the SH3-1 domain, involved in excitation–contraction coupling. These interaction sites are conserved in the three STAC proteins. However, the molecular domain in CaV1 channels interacting with the STAC C1 domain and the possible role of this interaction in neuronal CaV1 channels remained unknown. Using CaV1.2/2.1 chimeras expressed in dysgenic (CaV1.1−/−) myotubes, we identified the amino acids 1,641–1,668 in the C terminus of CaV1.2 as necessary for association of STAC proteins. This sequence contains the IQ domain and alanine mutagenesis revealed that the amino acids important for STAC association overlap with those making contacts with the C-lobe of calcium-calmodulin (Ca/CaM) and mediating calcium-dependent inactivation of CaV1.2. Indeed, patch-clamp analysis demonstrated that coexpression of either one of the three STAC proteins with CaV1.2 opposed calcium-dependent inactivation, although to different degrees, and that substitution of the CaV1.2 IQ domain with that of CaV2.1, which does not interact with STAC, abolished this effect. These results suggest that STAC proteins associate with the CaV1.2 C terminus at the IQ domain and thus inhibit calcium-dependent feedback regulation of CaV1.2 currents.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.