3 years ago

Visceral adiposity index is strongly associated with hyperuricemia independently of metabolic health and obesity phenotypes

Simiao Tian, Yang Xu, Huimin Dong, Xiuzhi Zhang
Visceral adiposity index (VAI) is a novel sex-specific index for visceral adipose function; however the association between VAI and hyperuricemia in China is unknown. We aimed to investigate this association, also whether it was independent of metabolic health and obesity phenotypes. 7632 adult subjects from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 were retained. Subjects were categorized into four obesity phenotypes based on a cross-classification of BMI and metabolic health status by two representative criteria. VAI was the best predictors for hyperuricemia irrespective of obesity phenotypes, with area under curve (AUC) ranging 0.665–0.719. The odd ratio (OR) for hyperuricemia in the highest quartile of the VAI were 6.93 (95% CI 5.79–8.29) after adjusting for age and gender. Following further adjustments for metabolic obesity phenotypes and lifestyle confounders, the ORs were 4.88 (3.92–6.09) and 5.65 (4.68–6.82) according to these two criteria, respectively. A similar significant pattern was still found even after adjustment for blood pressure and other cardiovascular risks. Within each metabolic obesity phenotype, the significant association between VAI and hyperuricemia was consistently evident. In conclusion, the association of the VAI with hyperuricemia was significant, especially this association was independent of metabolic health and obesity phenotypes in the Chinese population.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-09455-z

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-09455-z

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