3 years ago

Hospitalizations due to exacerbations of COPD: A big data perspective

Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) may suffer episodes of exacerbation (ECOPD) that require hospitalization and worsen their health status, and prognosis. We hypothesized that a detailed interrogation of health-care “big data” databases can provide valuable information to better understand the risk factors and outcomes of these episodes. Material and methods We interrogated four databases of the Catalan health-care system (>8,000,000 registries) to identify patients hospitalized because of ECOPD for the first time (index event) between 2010 and 2012. Analysis was carried forward since the index event until the end of 2014 or the death of the patient. The two years that preceded the index event were also investigated. Results We identified 17,555 patients, (≥50 years of age) hospitalized because of ECOPD (ICD9 v.9 codes at discharge) for the first time between 2010 and 2012. In this population we observed that: (1) 23% of patients die within a year after being discharged from their first ECOPD hospitalization; (2) in the remaining patients, all-cause mortality was related to the number of re-hospitalizations, particularly with early (<30 days) readmissions; (3) despite this being a ‘respiratory’ cohort, prescription and dispensation of drugs for cardiovascular diseases was higher than for obstructive airway diseases; and, finally, (4) lower winter ambient temperatures are associated with hospital admissions for ECOPD particularly in early re-admitters. Conclusions Overall these results indicate under appreciation of the burden of COPD in patients hospitalized for the first time because ECOPD.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S095461111830009X

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