3 years ago

Tests of Gravity with Future Space-Based Experiments.

Jeremy Sakstein

Future space-based tests of relativistic gravitation-laser ranging to Phobos, accelerometers in orbit, and optical networks surrounding Earth-will constrain the theory of gravity with unprecedented precision by testing the inverse-square law, the strong and weak equivalence principles, and the deflection and time-delay of light by massive bodies. In this paper, we estimate the bounds that could be obtained on alternative gravity theories that use screening mechanisms to suppress deviations from general relativity in the solar system: chameleon, symmetron, and galileon models. We find that space-based tests of the parameterized post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma$ will constrain chameleon and symmetron theories to new levels in the solar system, and that tests of the inverse-square law using laser ranging to Phobos will provide the most stringent constraints on galileon theories to date. We end by discussing the potential for constraining these theories using upcoming tests of the weak equivalence principle, and conclude that further theoretical modeling is required in order to fully utilize the data.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.03156

DOI: arXiv:1710.03156v3

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