4 years ago

Structure of the triose-phosphate/phosphate translocator reveals the basis of substrate specificity

Nureki, O., Ishitani, Minoda, Lee, R., M., S., Takemoto, A., Tsumoto, Y., Nagatoishi, T., Yamashita, K., Hirata, Nishizawa, Kumazaki
The triose-phosphate/phosphate translocator (TPT) catalyzes the strict 1:1 exchange of triose phosphate, 3-phosphoglycerate and inorganic phosphate across the chloroplast envelope, and plays crucial roles in photosynthesis. Despite rigorous studies for more than 40 years, the molecular mechanism of TPT is poorly understood due to the lack of structural information. Here we report crystal structures of TPT bound to two different substrates, 3-phosphoglycerate and inorganic phosphate, in occluded conformations. The structures reveal that TPT adopts a 10-transmembrane drug/metabolite transporter fold. Both substrates are bound within the same central pocket, where conserved lysine, arginine, and tyrosine residues recognize the shared phosphate group. A structural comparison with the outward-open conformation of the bacterial drug/metabolite transporter suggests a rocking-type motion of helix bundles, and molecular dynamics simulations support a model in which this helix rocking is tightly coupled to the substrate binding, to ensure strict 1:1 exchange. These results reveal the unique mechanism of sugar phosphate/phosphate exchange by TPT.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/169169v1

DOI: 10.1101/169169

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