Non-Perturbative Dynamical Effects in Nearly Scale Invariant Systems: The Action of Breaking Scale Invariance.
In this work we develop a general formalism that categorizes the action of breaking the scale invariance in the non-equilibrium dynamics of non-relativistic quantum systems. This approach is equally applicable to both strongly and weakly interacting systems. We show that any small deviation from the strongly interacting fixed point leads to non-pertubative effects in the long time dynamics, dramatically altering the dynamics at the scale invariant fixed point. As a concrete example, we apply this approach to the non-equilibrium dynamics of a non-interacting quantum gas in the presence of an impurity, and for the interacting two-body problem, both in three spatial dimensions. Near the resonantly-interacting scale invariant fixed point, we show that the dynamics are altered by a non-perturbative log-periodic beat. The presence of the beat is universal and depends only on deviating from the resonant fixed point, while the frequency depends on the microscopic parameters of the system.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.03243