DALnet: High-resolution photoacoustic projection imaging using deep learning.
Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is an emerging and non-invasive hybrid imaging modality for visualizing light absorbing structures in biological tissue. The recently invented PAT systems using arrays of 64 parallel integrating line detectors allow capturing photoacoustic projection images in fractions of a second. Standard image formation algorithms for this type of setup suffer from under-sampling due to the sparse detector array, blurring due to the finite impulse response of the detection system, and artifacts due to the limited detection view. To address these issues, in this paper we develop a new direct and non-iterative image reconstruction framework using deep learning. Within this approach we combine the dynamic aperture length (DAL) correction algorithm with a deep convolutional neural network (CNN). As demonstrated by simulation and experiment, the resulting DALnet is capable of producing high-resolution projection images of 3D structures in fractions of seconds.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06693